Can you imagine there was a time in football when helmets were not worn? [vintage film]

Today, it is hard to believe that there was a time when football helmets were not required equipment in games. The man in the rare film went to extreme lengths to show the safety of his helmet design.

In 1888, college football rules changed to allow tackling below the waist so players and coaches decided pads were essential to play the game. However, helmets were not readily accepted until much later.

The first football helmet was invented by George Barclay in 1896 and was called the ‘head harness’. Later helmets were made of padded leather that resembled aviators’ helmets. Many other inventors tried to improve football helmets and encouraged players to use them, but believe it or not, helmets were not made mandatory in the National Football League until 1943.


Vinegar of the Four Thieves was a recipe that was known for its antibacterial, antiviral, antiseptic and antifungal properties for years. It was even used to cure the Bubonic Plague.

VINEGAR OF THE FOUR THIEVES: Recipes & curious tips from the past  a collection of household tips, medical cures, clothing care and old recipes from the 1800’s and 1900’s. Many of the tips, such as the household cleaners, cooking tips and ways to control pests, still work and are helpful in today’s ‘green’ environment while others such as ‘how to cure a dog of eating eggs’ will make you laugh. Either way, this book will help you appreciate the difficult life your grandparents endured.

About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She cohost the Podcast: Alabama Grist Mill and developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and

All her books can be purchased at and Barnes & Noble.

She has authored numerous genealogy books.
RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE)
is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2)
is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series)
Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1)
is the continuation of the story. .

For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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