LILY LIVERED – Means cowardly. People once believed that your passions came from you liver. If you were lily livered your liver was white (because it did not contain any blood). So you were a coward. The ancient Greeks used to sacrifice an animal before battle. The liver was regarded as a prime omen – if it was red then all was fine, but if it was pale then bad tidings were in store for them.There is a reference to lily-livered in Shakespeare’s Macbeth 5:3:15: “Go prick thy face and over-red thy fear, thou lily livered boy.” Shakespeare wrote of cowards with “livers white as milk”.
Going further back, the ancient Greeks used to sacrifice an animal before battle. The liver was regarded as a prime omen – if it was red then all was fine, but if it was pale then bad tidings were in store for them. By extension, the liver of a coward was thought to be pale and “lily livered”.
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Three complete historical novels for $14.97! Tapestry of Love Historical Series 2nd edition 2015 –
Court records dating back to the 1630s create historical accuracy as the reader is taken back to the primitive days of colonial Virginia and Maryland where the Pattendens encounter life-changing difficulties with Indians, ducking stools, illness, massacres, death, loneliness, love, and greed.
READER REVIEW OF RIBBON OF LOVE: 2nd edition – A Novel of Colonial America Book one: The exhilarating action and subplots keep the reader in constant anticipation. It is almost impossible to put the book down until completion. – Dr. Don P. Brandon, Retired Professor, Anderson University