The Klickitat, Yakima, and Umtilla Native Americans – beautiful photographs taken in early 1900s

“Our faith and our friendships are not shattered by one big act but by many small neglects.’ J. Gustave White

Edward Sheriff Curtis (February 16, 1868 – October 19, 1952) was an American ethnologist and photographer of the American West and of Native American peoples. He photographed many Native Americans during his lifetime. Some of his photographs are below of the Klickitat, Yakima and Umtillas.

The Klickitat (also spelled Klikitat) are a Native American tribe of the Pacific Northwest. Today they are enrolled in the federally recognized Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation.

Klickitat Native American by photographer Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903Klickitat Native American

Klickitat profile photograph by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

klickitat profile by Edwards S.

A Shahaptian tribe, their eastern neighbors were the Yakama, who speak a closely related language. Their western neighbors were various Salishan and Chinookan tribes. Their name has been perpetuated in Klickitat County, Washington, Klickitat, Washington, Klickitat Street in Portland, Oregon, and the Klickitat River, a tributary of the Columbia River.

The Klickitat were noted for being active and enterprising traders, and served as intermediaries between the coastal tribes and those living east of the Cascade Mountains.

Klickitat Native American ca. 1899

Klickitat Native American2

The ancestral lands of the Klickitat were situated north of the Columbia River, at the headwaters of the Cowlitz, Lewis, White Salmon, and Klickitat rivers, in present-day Klickitat and Skamania Counties. They occupied their later base after the Yakama crossed this river. In 1805, the Klickitat were encountered by the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Lewis and Clark found them wintering on the Yakima and Klickitat Rivers and estimated their number at about 700.

Klickitat woman with baskets – photograph by Benjamin A. Gifford ca. 1900

Klickitat woman

In the early 1850s, the Klickitat Tribe raided present-day Jackson County, Oregon from the north and settled the area. Modoc, Shasta, Takelma, Latgawas, and Umpqua Indian tribes had already lived within the present boundaries of that county. Between 1820 and 1830, an epidemic of fever struck the tribes of the Willamette Valley. The Klickitat took advantage of the drop in population in this region and crossed the Columbia River and occupied territory occupied by the Umpqua. This was not permanent, however, as they were pushed back to their original homeland.

The Klickitat War erupted in 1855. The Klickitat capitulated and joined in the Yakima treaty at Camp Stevens on June 9, 1855. They ceded their lands to the United States. Most of them settled upon the Yakima Indian Reservation.

Inashah–Yakima by photographer E. S. Curtis in ca. 1903

Inashah--Yakima by photographer E. S. Curtis in ca. 1903

 

A mountain camp–Yakima by photographer Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903A mountain camp--Yakima by photographer Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Camp of the Root Diggers–Yakima by photographer Edward S. CurtisCamp of the Root Diggers--Yakima by photographer Edward S. Curtis

The Root Digger–Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903The Root Digger--Yakima by Edward S. Curtis

A Yakama Boy by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

A Yakama Boy by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

The Yakama Indian Reservation is a United States Indian reservation of the federally recognized tribe, the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation.

The piyake gatherer by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

The piyake gatherer by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Drying Piahe–Yakima by photographer Edward S. CurtisDrying Piahe--Yakima by photographer Edward S. CurtisA young Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903A young Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Mat lodge–Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903Mat lodge--Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

A holiday lodge–Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903A holiday lodge--Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Mnainak, a Yakima chief by Edward S. CurtisMnainak, a Yakima chief by Edward S. Curtis

Wife of Mnainak–Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903Wife of Mnainak--Yakima by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Sons of Yakima chief by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903Sons of Yakima chief by Edward S. Curtis c.a. 1903

The tribe is made up of Klikitat, Palus, Wallawalla, Wanapam, Wenatchi, Wishram, and Yakama peoples.

The Umatilla are a Sahaptin-speaking Native American group who traditionally inhabited the Columbia Plateau region of the northwestern United States, along the Umatilla and Columbia rivers.

Innocence, an Umatilla girl, full-length portrait, standing by tree, facing slightly right by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Innocence, an Umatilla girl, full-length portrait, standing by tree, facing slightly right by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Umatilla child by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903Umatilla child by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Youth in holiday costume-Umatilla by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903Youth in holiday costume-Umatilla by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

Umatilla maiden by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903Umatilla maiden by Edward S. Curtis ca. 1903

In 1855 the inland Sahaptin-speaking nations were forced to surrender their historic homelands under treaty to the United States government, in exchange for territorial set-asides on reservations.

Today the Umatilla share land and a governmental structure with the Cayuse and the Walla Walla tribes as part of the federally recognized Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Their reservation is located near Pendleton, Oregon and the Blue Mountains.

 

Faith and Courage: 2nd edition -A Novel of Colonial America Inspired by real people and actual events, the family saga of colonial America continues with Ambrose Dixon’s family. Faith and Courage presents the religious persecution of Quakers in Pre-Revolutionary War days of America intertwined with a love story.

Faith and Courage: 2nd edition -A Novel of Colonial America (Tapestry of Love Book 2): Book 2 in Tapestry of Love Series


By (author): Donna R Causey

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About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and www.daysgoneby.me

All her books can be purchased at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble.

She has authored numerous genealogy books.
RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE)
is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2)
is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series)
Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1)
is the continuation of the story. .

For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

2 Responses to The Klickitat, Yakima, and Umtilla Native Americans – beautiful photographs taken in early 1900s

  1. Tracey Holbert says:

    Beautiful and Timeless pics of our Native ancestors & portraying the simple times of life of peace.

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